The TOEFL full form Test Of English as a Foreign Language has been introduced in phases, with the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy in 2005 and the rest of the world in 2006. TOEFL is a test conducted to evaluate a candidate’s English language proficiency. The TOEFL Exam was first administered in 1964 by Educational Testing Service (ETS) – a US-based non-profit organization. The TOEFL Exam is completely an Internet-Based Test (IBT) format which has progressively replaced the computer-Based Tests (CBT) and Paper-Based Tests (PBT). For more TOEFL Exam Details read complete article.
TOEFL Test Format:
TOEFL 2017 has two basic formats
- TOEFL iBT (Internet-based test) and
- TOEFL PBT (paper-based test).
Most countries conduct the Internet-based test and it is usually held on Saturdays and Sundays.
The four-hour based TOEFL Test consists of four sections, each measuring one of the basic language skills and all tasks focus on language used in an academic, higher-education environment. Note-taking is allowed during the TOEFL IBT Test 2017.
4 Stages of TOEFL Includes
- Speaking and
Reading: (Time Limit: 60–80 minutes)
This section consists of questions on 3-5 passages, each approximately 700 words in length. The passages are based on academic topics. Passages require understanding of theoretical functions such as cause-effect, compare-contrast and argumentation.
Listening: (Time Limit: 60–90 minutes)
In this section consists of questions on 6 passages, each 3–5 minutes in length. These passages include 2 student conversations and 4 academic lectures or discussions. Each conversation and lecture passage is heard only once. Test-takers may take notes while they listen and they may refer to their notes when they answer the questions. Each conversation is associated with five questions and each lecture with six.
The listening questions are meant to measure the ability to understand main ideas, important details, implications, relationships between ideas, organization of information, speaker purpose and speaker attitude.
Speaking: (Time Limit: 20 minutes)
In this section consists of 6 tasks:
- Two independent and
- Four Integrated.
In the two independent tasks, test-takers answer opinion questions on familiar topics given. They are evaluated on their speech spontaneously and convey their ideas clearly and coherently.
In the integrated tasks, test-takers are evaluated on their ability to appropriately synthesize and effectively convey information from the reading and listening material.
Test-takers may take notes as they read and listen and may use their notes to help prepare their responses. Test-takers are given a short preparation time before they have to begin speaking. The responses are digitally recorded, sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network (OSN), and evaluated by 3-6 raters.
Writing: (Time Limit: 50 minutes)
The Writing section measures a test taker’s ability to write in an academic setting and consists of two tasks:
- Integrated and